Satellite Vs Terra Vs Internet Vs Personal Music Players

Want music? It’s everywhere!!It used to be that if you wanted to hear a song, you loaded up a round black object onto the spindle of a turntable, lowered a needle onto the round black object, and then a song came out. Either that, or you could turn on your transistor radio if the batteries weren’t dead. Voila! Music played and all was right with the world.Then technology got more varied, and you could still have the round black objects, or you could have a small plastic case with tiny wheels tractoring a very thin piece of tape, or a larger plastic case with only one bigger wheel, tractoring a wider piece of tape in a Mobius loop to play the music. But you still had music…unless the tape player jammed.Then, a very futuristic thing happened. Someone designed a tiny laser that could play a shiny silver disc and get music off of it, so cd’s were born.During all of these technological changes, that transistor radio was still available, ready and willing to play your songs when you wanted to hear them.Then another few things happened…personal music players went from transistor radio to small computer chips which could be programmed with your own selection of songs, ripped from your own personal collection of cd’s and stored on your own personal computer. The mp3 players were tinier than those old-fashioned transistor radios, plus they held only the user’s favorite songs, not anything they didn’t like, and certainly not any commercials.Satellite radio was born, streaming hundreds of channels at once to tiny antennas for a monthly fee, and some people got on that train, too.Internet discovered the power of radio, and terrestrial radio stations offered streams of their on-air programming, and internet-only radio stations sprang into being.Music is all around us and we have so many choices that it’s rare that anyone would think to play a vinyl record or listen to a cassette or 8-track tape anymore.Music is all around us and we have so many choices that it’s rare to see someone walking around listening to a transistor radio anymore.Music is all around us and we have so many choices that it’s rare to hear of any segment of the music industry as being in “growth” mode. The wonderful variety of choices we have is helping to gut revenue in the music industry, in terrestrial radio, and now in satellite radio.It’s interesting to note that now that the satellite providers Sirius and XM have merged, it doesn’t look like great news for either them or their subscribers. It’s even more interesting to note that Mel Karmazin, CEO of the newly combined Sirius XM, publicly spoke about the lack of viability of terrestrial radio at the same time his company was downsizing their revenue and subscriber projections.And it’s extremely ironic that he was making his comments at an event put on by the no longer independent Merrill Lynch, who agreed to be white-knighted by Bank of America instead of heading into bankruptcy.The world is in flux…the financial markets are a bit shaky…natural disasters have disrupted the lives of many…and still music is all around us.Enjoy that music, no matter how you hear it. Know that changes happen and will continue to happen, and hope that those who make the music for us can ride out the storms that are pounding the music and radio industries. When there’s music, all is right with the world for you at that moment.

Not Your Grandfather’s Country Music Station -the Continuing Evolution Of Country Music Radio

Having worked in music radio, most of that at Country music radio stations, for the past 35 years, I recently stopped to reflect on the evolution of Country music that I’ve seen and way Country music radio has reacted.As with everything, Country music and radio aren’t as straightforward or simple as they once were. When I first started playing Country in Eugene, Oregon in 1971 the raging discussion was the emergence in some markets of a “Country-politan” format distinctly different from the traditional Country format that everybody else was playing. Essentially the discussion revolved around programming “crossover” artists and music styles, and whether the “harder” heritage Country acts were acceptable as Country music radio evolved.To put this into perspective, in 1971 the debate was whether John Denver and Ann Murray were Country acts and should be played, and whether a contemporary Country music station should play Hank Williams in regular oldies rotation! By today’s standards this is laughable, but it does serve to make the point that as the Country radio format sought to broaden its appeal and attract a larger audience some felt that compromises would be necessary. More importantly it signaled the recognition that Country music fans were a more diverse group than they had been given credit for. This discussion of segmentation of the Country music format was the start of what we now have come to accept as the diversity of the tastes of Country music fans.Today there are recognized music “charts” for the traditional Country Singles and Albums, but there are also now Bluegrass, Americana and Texas Music charts as well, all under the umbrella of Country music.I find it most interesting that while Country music has quite obviously diversified, AM and FM Country music radio stations generally haven’t followed this trend and branched out to any great degree. If you were to go into any market today I would lay odds that you will find the Country music station or stations will all be much the same – playing 10 or 12-in-a-row, with a station playlist of fewer than 750 songs little of which will be older than 10 years. Some of these stations will have an “oldies” or “bluegrass” show as we did in San Diego, but the station that weaves these elements into the day to day format is very rare indeed.To be fair I must acknowledge that in some markets you may also find a “Classic” Country station, generally on an otherwise unused AM frequency, but I find these stations personally unfulfilling. I suspect that this may be because I like a good deal of contemporary Country music and want to hear it, and that by and large the people behind classic Country formats weren’t alive when these songs were hits, and, but that’s another gripe!As one who has been part of the research and strategy behind the contemporary Country music approach I don’t criticize playing either extremely contemporary or exclusively “classic” Country music. On the contrary I understand that this kind of conservative approach is dictated to capture the most desirable (saleable) segment of the audience possible. I do suggest, however, that stations do this at their own peril as they continue to narrow their focus and leave larger numbers of Country music fans disaffected and unserved.This wouldn’t necessarily be a problem except that AM and FM radio no longer has a monopoly on delivery of music. The emergence of satellite and more importantly internet “radio” where startup and operating costs are negligible now presents an alternative that will play an increasingly important role. The fact is no matter what your personal flavor of Country music is, there is an internet station playing it. If you like ‘mainly current hits but some 70s and Bluegrass”, someone offers it. If you Texas Country and Bluegrass, it’s there.Although internet radio has been around for more than a decade it is still in its infancy. Indications are, however that it will grow up to be a 900 lb. gorilla. Estimates are that something approaching 50% of the younger and more adaptable age groups are already turning to the net as their primary source for new music. At the other end of the spectrum, the 55+ generation is the fastest growing segment of internet users. As the 55+ group represents an increasingly economically attractive audience, and one that used to be the domain of Country music radio, this is an ominous sign for traditional broadcasters who will be increasingly forced to compete with low budget operators.This will likely be a double-edged sword. On the one hand the audience will be able to find a “radio” format either on a satellite service or more likely on the net that more closely approaches their ideal music mix. On the other hand the audiences for individual stations will be much smaller than broadcasters are used to working with. This will have the effect that the sterility and compromises of low budget broadcasting that has turned some listeners off will become more widespread. This will in turn further erode and put economic pressure on AM and FM broadcasters’ in a vicious downward cycle.